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Research methodology Book PDF by C. R. Kothari 2nd Edition helps students to understand and apply Research methodology by communicating the broad themes that course through our innate curiosity about research methodology methods and techniques. The download link is at the end of this article, you can directly go there and Download the Research methodology Book PDF by C. R. Kothari but it is recommended that before downloading the book you should read about it, to get the most out of the book.
download research methodology by kothari
(ii) To make them familiar with the art of using different research methods and techniques. It is hoped that the humble effort made in the form of this research methodology book pdf will assist in the accomplishment of exploratory as well as result-oriented research studies.
Regarding the organization, Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques consists of fourteen chapters, well arranged in a coherent manner. Chapter One is an introduction, presenting an overview of the research methodology. Chapter Two explains the technique of defining a research problem. Chapter Three dwells on various research designs, highlighting their main characteristics.
The book Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques is primarily intended to serve as a textbook for graduate and M.Phil. students of Research Methodology in all disciplines of various universities. It is hoped that Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques shall provide guidelines to all interested in research studies of one sort or the other. The research methodology book pdf is, in fact, an outgrowth of the Authors experience of teaching the subject to M.Phil. students for the last several years.
Quite frequently these days people talk of research, both in academic institutions and outside. Severalresearch studies are undertaken and accomplished year after year. But in most cases very littleattention is paid to an important dimension relaing to research, namely, that of research methodology.The result is that much of research, particularly in social sciences, contains endless word-spinningand too many quotations. Thus a great deal of research tends to be futile. It may be noted, in thecontext of planning and development, that the significance of research lies in its quality and not inquantity. The need, therefore, is for those concerned with research to pay due attention to designingand adhering to the appropriate methodology throughout for improving the quality of research. Themethodology may differ from problem to problem, yet the basic approach towards research remainsthe same.
Keeping all this in view, the present book has been written with two clear objectives, viz., (i) toenable researchers, irrespective of their discipline, in developing the most appropriate methodologyfor their research studies; and (ii) to make them familiar with the art of using different research-methods and techniques. It is hoped that the humble effort made in the form of this book will assist inthe accomplishment of exploratory as well as result-oriented research studies.
Regarding the organization, the book consists of fourteen chapters, well arranged in a coherentmanner. Chapter One is an introduction, presenting an overview of the research methodology. ChapterTwo explains the technique of defining a research problem. Chapter Three dwells on various researchdesigns, highlighting their main characteristics. Chapter Four presents the details of several samplingdesigns. Different measurement and scaling techniques, along with multidimensional scaling, havebeen lucidly described in Chapter Five. Chapter Six presents a comparative study of the differentmethods of data collection. It also provides in its appendices guidelines for successful interviewing aswell as for constructing questionnaire/schedules. Chapter Seven deals with processing and analysisof data. Sampling fundamentals, along with the theory of estimation, constitutes the subject-matter ofChapter Eight. Chapter Nine has been exclusively devoted to several parametric tests of hypotheses,followed by Chapter Ten concerning Chi-square test. In Chapter Eleven important features of ANOVAand ANOCOVA techniques have been explained and illustrated. Important non-parametric tests,generally used by researchers have been described and illustrated in Chapter Twelve. In ChapterThirteen, an effort has been made to present the conceptual aspects and circumstances under which
It seems appropriate at this juncture to explain the difference between research methods and researchmethodology. Research methods may be understood as all those methods/techniques that are usedfor conduction of research. Research methods or techniques *, thus , refer to the methods the researchers
Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may beunderstood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In it we study the varioussteps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logicbehind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniquesbut also the methodology. Researchers not only need to know how to develop certain indices or tests,how to calculate the mean, the mode, the median or the standard deviation or chi-square, how toapply particular research techniques, but they also need to know which of these methods or techniques,are relevant and which are not, and what would they mean and indicate and why. Researchers alsoneed to understand the assumptions underlying various techniques and they need to know the criteriaby which they can decide that certain techniques and procedures will be applicable to certain problemsand others will not. All this means that it is necessary for the researcher to design his methodologyfor his problem as the same may differ from problem to problem. For example, an architect, whodesigns a building, has to consciously evaluate the basis of his decisions, i., he has to evaluate whyand on what basis he selects particular size, number and location of doors, windows and ventilators,uses particular materials and not others and the like. Similarly, in research the scientist has to exposethe research decisions to evaluation before they are implemented. He has to specify very clearly andprecisely what decisions he selects and why he selects them so that they can be evaluated by others also.
From what has been stated above, we can say that research methodology has many dimensionsand research methods do constitute a part of the research methodology. The scope of researchmethodology is wider than that of research methods. Thus, when we talk of research methodologywe not only talk of the research methods but also consider the logic behind the methods we usein the context of our research study and explain why we are using a particular method ortechnique and why we are not using others so that research results are capable of beingevaluated either by the researcher himself or by others. Why a research study has been undertaken,how the research problem has been defined, in what way and why the hypothesis has been formulated,what data have been collected and what particular method has been adopted, why particular techniqueof analysing data has been used and a host of similar other questions are usually answered when wetalk of research methodology concerning a research problem or study.
The study of research methodology gives the student the necessary training in gathering material andarranging or card-indexing them, participation in the field work when required, and also training intechniques for the collection of data appropriate to particular problems, in the use of statistics,questionnaires and controlled experimentation and in recording evidence, sorting it out and interpretingit. In fact, importance of knowing the methodology of research or how research is done stems fromthe following considerations:
Before embarking on the details of research methodology and techniques, it seems appropriate topresent a brief overview of the research process. Research process consists of series of actions orsteps necessary to effectively carry out research and the desired sequencing of these steps. Thechart shown in Figure 1 well illustrates a research process.
This is a textbook on research methodology for doctoral and post-doctoral programs; post graduate courses such as MSc, MBA, MCA, MS, etc., to name a few. Though the book is primarily addressed to students, it is equally useful to researchers and entrepreneurs as well.